Depending on which mite your dog is, the causes and transmission routes can be different in nature. The treatment against the various subspecies of arachnids, however, usually follows the same pattern. In any case, don't hesitate too long and see a veterinarian if you suspect your dog has mites.
What types of mites are there in dogs?
Like ticks, mites belong to the arachnids and, as parasites, depend on a host. The following different subspecies of annoying crawlers exist:
● Hair follicle mites, also called Demodex mites
● Grass mites, also known as autumn grass mites, autumn mites or autumn lice
● Mite mites, including grave mites
● ear mites
demodex are often transferred from the mother to the puppies after birth. They nest on the dog's hair follicle and only cause symptoms if they multiply excessively because the four-legged friend's immune system is weakened.
mites attack dogs as well as cats and humans, but only while they are still larvae. They lurk on grasses and are stripped off by the host animal on a walk. The parasites do not suck blood, but lymphatic fluid and, unlike ticks, cannot transmit pathogens.
mange mites can either grave mites (Sarcoptes) or Cheyletiella mites Hair follicle mites can sometimes cause mange, but only if the dog's defenses are severely weakened. Grave mites are usually transmitted from dog to dog, even without direct skin contact. They are tiny and cannot be seen with the naked eye. The females drill into the skin to lay their eggs there. Fortunately, Cheyletiella mites are very rare, but highly contagious, and can also spread to humans. Although this is also possible with grave mites, it only happens in a few exceptional cases and triggers scabies in humans if the worst comes to the worst.
ear mites are transmitted in dogs through direct physical contact and mainly affect puppies, less often adult animals. Their brownish, crumbly secretion is usually easy to recognize in the dog's ears, individual parasites are noticeable as small, moving points in the ear canal.
Prevent grass mites: How to protect your dog
Because grass mites can cause severe itching and inflammation in your dog, you want to ...
What diseases can cause mites in dogs?
General symptoms of mite infestation include severe itching at the affected area and dry, flaky and / or reddened skin, sometimes with scab formation. In addition, hair loss and bald spots in the fur can occur, especially if there is mange. Most dog mites do not transmit disease, but can cause allergic reactions. Dogs often have an allergy to grass mites in particular, which is manifested by a particularly extreme itching and rash. This in turn can lead to increased scratching and the resulting wounds can catch fire.
A secondary illness after an ear mite infestation can be, for example, an otitis media, in addition the eardrum is partially affected and in the worst case your dog can become deaf. Hair follicle mites can trigger a so-called demodicosis, a skin disease that can occur locally - i.e. on individual parts of the body - or generalized - anywhere on the dog's body. If the hair follicle mites have proliferated, they can transmit bacterial infections.
This helps against mites in dogs
Your veterinarian will determine if your dog is infected with mites and recommend suitable preparations. These are often offered as baths, sprays or powder and kill the stubborn beasts. Treatment requires thoroughness and patience, and often has to be repeated at short intervals. The parasites are particularly difficult to control in long-haired dog breeds.
If you have several pets in your household, you should treat them as a precaution. You should also wash textiles such as sleeping or cozy blankets for your animals. A plus point: Most mite preparations are not only therapeutic, but also preventive. So if you have successfully controlled all the mites, you should rest for a while before the parasites.