In detail

Rabbit has constipation: what to do?


If your rabbit has little or no faeces, is listless and no longer eats, it may indicate constipation. We'll tell you here what causes the disease and what you should do about it. Constipation can be life-threatening for rabbits - Image: Shutterstock / Claudia Paulussen

Rabbits are very prone to digestive problems. This also includes constipation. There are various reasons why the porridge stays in the animal's intestine longer than usual.

Causes of constipation in rabbits

• First of all, constantly recurring constipations in rabbits indicate incorrect feeding of the animals. Fresh feed is an essential part of a healthy rabbit diet. Vegetables, fruits and herbs should be on the daily menu. Conventional dry feeding with grain and pellets, on the other hand, easily forms a too solid food porridge in the intestine and can quickly cause constipation in rabbits. The whole thing is further favored if the animal consumes only a little liquid.

• In addition to dry feeding, foreign objects such as straw pellets, cat litter, boxes or carpet fibers can also cause blockages in rabbits. Once in the animal's stomach, they swell and clump together.

• If rabbits pick up too many fur hairs when brushing, which is especially the case when changing fur, then these can knot into solid hairballs in the intestine, which as a rule cannot be digested and trigger constipation.

• Lack of exercise or a posture that severely restricts movement can be another cause of rabbit constipation. They favor indolence. If the intestine is no longer working properly, the rabbit excretes little or no feces.

• Dental problems can also cause constipation. If the rabbit does not grind its feed sufficiently, this can result in indigestion for the animal.

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Symptoms: Detect blockages in the rabbit

If the rabbit is listless, refuses to eat, and loses weight, the signs of constipation are. In addition, the animal wastes little or no feces - if so, with extreme effort. The animal pushes its back upwards when it is vomiting. The stomach is also hardened.

If the rabbit does set off, then these are small and hard. If the constipation is due to hairballs, they can also be found in the excretions.

Treatment of constipation in rabbits

Prolonged constipation can be life-threatening for rabbits. For this reason, you should immediately consult a veterinarian. This usually X-rays the animal to clarify the exact cause.

Then he decides on the appropriate medication and specifically treats the constipation in order to prevent further illnesses such as a stomach overload, an intestinal obstruction or a drum addiction, which can follow a constipation.

If the constipation is due to incorrect feeding, the veterinarian will also recommend changing the diet to fresh feed.