In detail

Allergy to dogs: what can you do?

Those who have an allergy to dogs are best advised to avoid contact with their four-legged friends for the sake of health. Since this is not always possible or, in many cases, not desired, various options help to alleviate the allergy symptoms. The poodle is popular with people with an allergy to dogs - Image: Shutterstock / Christian Mueller

Avoiding the allergy triggers is of course the safest way for a dog allergy sufferer to quickly feel better again - but those who already have a dog at home don't understandably want to give it away at no cost. In this case, strict hygiene and possibly drug treatment are on the daily schedule from the diagnosis.

This is how you can alleviate the symptoms of allergy to dogs

For people with a strong allergy to dogs: wash your hands after each contact with the dog. If you wash your hair in the evening before going to bed, you can also prevent the dog's allergy-causing dandruff from getting onto your pillow and thus into your mucous membranes when inhaled.

Allergy sufferers: Keep the bedroom free of dog hair

From now on, sleeping on the bed and sofa is taboo for the dog. It is best not to let him in the bedroom at all so that he can get used to it. Wash and clean textiles as often as possible. Dust catchers such as carpets in particular should be vacuumed and tapped regularly. An air filter can also help alleviate allergy symptoms by filtering the allergens out of the air.

Clever, sweet and woolly: poodles as family dogs

Little haired dog breeds for allergy sufferers

If you know about your allergy before buying a dog, you should choose one of the dog breeds that has little hair. For example, the poodle is a well-known representative of the little haired water dogs. They were once bred to work with fishermen, so their fur has a certain curly structure.

Breeds without undercoat and without seasonal fur changes are also suitable for people with an allergy to dogs. Malteser and Bichon Frisé not only look cute, but are also a good choice for allergy sufferers due to their fur structure.

There are even special dog breeds for allergy sufferers. These include breeds such as the Labradoodle and the Goldendoodle.

Desensitization and medication for allergies

Desensitization (also called hyposensitization) can be carried out by the doctor to make life easier for the allergy sufferer with his dog in the long term. With this therapy, the immune system is gradually exposed to the allergens, so that the body slowly gets used to it and there is no longer an allergic reaction.

Antihistamine in tablet form is also often used for allergy to dogs. It can be supplemented by eye drops, nasal sprays and, if skin irritation has occurred, by care products with aloe vera or other soothing active ingredients. In many cases, medications for allergies should only be used for short-term treatment and not permanently.