Normally, high-quality dog food already contains a balanced vitamin composition. If you still feel that your darling is missing something, it is best to ask your veterinarian about the need and dosage. It is important that your four-legged friend gets "real", that is, natural vitamins that have not been exposed to long processing routes or long storage times. These are usually of higher quality than synthetically produced vitamins in feed additives.
Important difference: fat and water soluble vitamins
Your four-legged friend can easily absorb water-soluble vitamins, while fat-soluble vitamins are bound to fat as a means of transport. Fat-soluble substances include vitamins A, D, E and K. Vitamin A strengthens your dog's immune system and eyesight. It ensures a healthy metabolism, is good for the skin and mucous membranes and is found in calf's liver, spinach, carrots and egg. Vitamin D helps with calcium absorption and is important for bone building. Fish, cod liver oil or egg yolk are particularly rich in vitamin D. On the other hand, your dog gets vitamin E from wheat germ oil; among other things, it has a positive effect on fertility. Vitamin K is important for healthy blood clotting and is usually produced in the dog's colon.
Vitamins B, C and H: water-soluble vitamins and their functions
The water-soluble B vitamins are divided into B1 for the nervous system, B2 for growth, protein and fat metabolism. B2 can be fed via brewer's yeast or liver, for example. Vitamin B6, which is also found in brewer's yeast, but also in ox heart, has a positive effect on blood formation. As a rule, you do not need to worry about vitamin C from fresh fruits and vegetables: it is produced by the dog itself. It is important for the immune system and strengthens the connective tissue. After all, vitamin H, also called biotin, is the vitamin for skin and hair. It is found in kidneys, liver and whole grains.
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Does my dog need vitamin supplements in the feed?
Dog vitamin requirements depend, among other things, on factors such as age, illness, weight and activity. Talk to your vet about your four-legged friend's vitamin needs. If your dog receives high-quality complete food, supplementation with vitamin supplements is usually not necessary. An overdose of vitamins in dogs can even lead to symptoms of illness. Only if your dog suffers from a proven vitamin deficiency, for example due to malnutrition or an intestinal disease, can vitamins be buried according to the veterinarian's instructions. Even if you make the dog food yourself and destroy many vitamins by cooking, an addition can make sense - but should also be discussed with the veterinarian.