Present in the saliva of almost 90% of cats, the bacterium Pasteurella Multocida it is the new focus of concern in the feline world for humans; that until now had rabies and toxoplasmosis as the most feared diseases transmitted by pussies. Ignored for a long time, the bacterium surfaced in a survey conducted by the Mayo Clinic in the United States, which analyzed more than 190 people who went to the hospital for cat bites between 2009 and 2011.
Triggering different types of complications, the feline bites monitored by the scientists caused 30% of the patients to be hospitalized for about three days, while many others were treated efficiently with the use of antibiotics.
However, in addition to the inpatients, it was a group of eight people that attracted the researchers' most attention; since they developed problems far beyond what was imagined. In this group, everyone had to perform more than one surgery on the hand (location of the bite) in order to alleviate the damage, which ranged from complicated infections and circulation problems to partial limb paralysis and necrosis.
According to the study, the occurrence of swelling, redness and difficulty in moving the affected region are some of the main indicators of infection by Pasteurella Multocida - which is considerably more found in the saliva of cats than in dogs.
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Although, in most cases, treatment with amoxicillin is effective against the bacteria, in the case of cat bites the situation changes; therefore, the bite takes the bacteria to deep parts of human skin with great ease and multiplies quickly - requiring, in many cases, a surgical procedure to prevent the development of more serious and potentially fatal infections.
It is worth remembering that cat licking has no chance of transmitting the bacteria, since the Pasteurella Multocida it is only harmful when it enters the human body - through bites or scratches followed by contact with the animal's saliva, for example.