At first, hemoparasitosis ehrlichiosis, or ehrlichiosis, may seem to be a rare and little-known disease, however, this condition changes when it is known that this is the popular tick disease, one of the diseases that most concern pet owners throughout the country, being very common and present in a large part of the dog population in the interior where it has the highest incidence of ticks.
Known as hemoparasitosis, babesiosis and ehrlichiosis, although both are known as tick diseases, ehrlichiosis and babesiosis are not the same and do not act on the infected animal's body in the same way. Unlike babesiosis, which acts on red blood cells, ehrlichiosis lodges in white blood cells.
Like babesia, ehrlichiosis is also mostly transmitted through the bite of a brown tick. Transmission can also occur through infected needles or instruments, in addition to blood transfusion. After entering the dog's body, the bacteria multiplies and attacks the lymph nodes and organs such as the liver and spleen, destroying the white blood cells. Ehrlichiosis and babesiosis can work together, further aggravating the dog's clinical condition.
You ehrlichiosis symptoms vary according to the stage of the disease. During the acute phase, fever, nasal discharge, weight reduction, weakness, tremors, difficulty in breathing can be observed. In the subclinical phase the symptoms are not very present, but depression, hemorrhages and pale mucous membranes can occur. The chronic phase presents the same symptoms as the acute phase, but to a lesser extent, leaving the dog apathetic, cachectic and less immune to diseases.
How to diagnose and treat ehrlichiosis
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For an accurate diagnosis of the disease, a blood test can be done. There are specific serologies for identifying the disease in the blood, but a full blood count with a WBC can already be a good help. Ehrlichiosis is curable, treated with antibiotics, and the chances that the dog will heal from the disease are even greater if it is detected early. For prevent dog from ehrlichiosis, it is ideal that hygiene is taken seriously. Frequent bathing and attention to the animal's body can prevent the tick from lodging among its hair.
It is common to confuse the symptoms of erlichiosis with those of distemper, another canine disease of concern, so it is essential that the puppy that presents the symptoms is taken to the veterinarian and undergo the evaluation for a correct diagnosis. It can also happen that the symptoms are not noticed by the owner, which is why it is so important that the dog undergoes periodic visits to the vet.
When the animal lives in an environment where it is known that it has ticks, or goes to places with other dogs and, in this case, we have no way of knowing if it has one infested with ticks, the use of tick remedies is recommended, which has a good duration, leaving the dogs free of parasites regardless of the environment.
The environment should also be treated when possible, there are several products that help how to eliminate ticks in the environment, to prevent further infestation of the animal after being treated.