Providing more and more precision and quality in imaging exams in the world of veterinary medicine, digital X-ray in dogs and cats is an innovative tool to improve the diagnostic process in small and large animals - facilitating the identification of pathologies of more diverse and, with that, its treatment.
Highlighting essential qualities with regard to the welfare of animals - such as the exclusion of an invasive and uncomfortable procedure for the investigation of possible diseases that affect pets - the digital x-ray in dogs and cats it consists of a quick and painless process; able to assess the anatomy and functioning of the animal organism in a broad way.
Taking into account the fact that, however trained and smart a dog or cat may be, he will not be able to communicate to his owner or his doctor what causes him pain or discomfort, this veterinary image exam has many applications and highlights some benefits over others. Taking into account its non-invasive form of performance and the speed in reading its results, such an examination facilitates the discovery of diseases and various problems quickly and efficiently, such as, for example, the investigation of undue materials that the animal may have. ingested or affecting the health of pets.
Similar to the models and formats of the imaging machinery used in the world of human medicine, digital x-ray for dogs and cats it makes it possible to carry out exams in doctor's offices, clinics and hospitals, as well as in the field, serving small animals such as dogs and cats, as well as wild and large animals, like horses, with the same quality.
With more and more technological advances that can facilitate the diagnosis and treatment of pets so loved by their owners, the world of veterinary medicine and animal imaging exams is striding towards success - offering more and more forms practical and efficient to promote well-being and provide quality of life for dogs and cats, among other animals.
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Check out a little more about the universe of veterinary imaging exams and X-rays in dogs and cats, better understanding its functioning and the great help it provides for veterinary medicine professionals:
Radiographic examination in dogs and cats
As previously mentioned, one of the main advantages of the X-ray exam is that it is not invasive for dogs and cats. On the other hand, in certain cases - as in the case of fractures and large injuries in pets - the precise positioning required for the effectiveness of the image examination can cause some discomfort for the animal (due to pain, for example), and this may be easily resolved through anesthesia or sedation of the animal in most cases.
Performed in a fraction of a second, the digital radiography on pets it is an absolutely fast, precise and painless process for animals - who can still count on the comfort and security of having their owners with them at the time of its realization; requiring only that the owners are wearing appropriate clothing for their radiological protection, such as lead vests.
Most of the time, 20 minutes is enough for all digital images of the examined animal to be taken - allowing the pet to go through the process smoothly with the simple accompaniment of its owner or with the administration of some type of sedative (in cases where there is pain or discomfort).
Although many may believe that radiographs considered 'traditional' are the same as digital X-rays, this is a misconception - since, today, digital radiographs highlight some important advantages over the older ones (analog method); providing more detailed and better quality images, in addition to faster exam results because there is no need for chemical film development.
The images of this type of exam can be seen immediately on the computers that control the digital X-ray process, and also have the advantages of being able to be shared remotely (via the Internet), stored and consulted more easily - allowing comparison recent exams of dogs and cats with old ones and with that, making it possible to carry out an evolutionary analysis of the pathology.
Even though it is considered a complementary exam, the Digital RX it can make all the difference in the treatment and cure of different diseases, consequently, providing the well-being of dogs and cats; since it provides clear and quality images of the systems of the organism of animals. In addition, this type of examination can also provide a basis for veterinary professionals to identify hereditary diseases (orthopedic, for example), in an early manner - greatly facilitating the direction of an effective treatment.
Main indications for digital X-ray in dogs and cats
Facilitating the analysis of different parts of the body of dogs and cats, digital X-rays are contraindicated only in extremely specific situations, such as when the animal has a lot of pain and, for some reason, cannot be sedated or anesthetized to feel more comfortable (or when you have extreme breathing difficulty); however, as soon as they are assisted correctly, they can be forwarded to the X-ray sector.
Recalling that there is a contraindication in relation to the presence of pregnant women and minors in the examination room; outside of these exceptions, it is unlikely that a pet will be able to perform the digital rx for an investigation of your health status.
The most common regions in which this type of image examination is required and its applications are as follows:
- Skeletal muscle
Used to check fractures, as well as check their healing / healing process, identify joint dislocations; bone diseases related to growth; bone-to-joint degenerative processes as well as the identification of bone neoplastic infections and diseases.
- Thoracic region
It allows a wide analysis of the region, allowing the identification, mainly, of some cardiovascular and pulmonary pathologies - including the presence of tumors and metastases. It also allows the evaluation of the mediastinal and pleural region, as well as the thoracic segments of the esophagus and trachea.
- Abdominal region
Its study by means of x-ray is limited for this region, as it deals with soft tissue evaluation, however, it can be used as an additional tool to the ultrasound examination, which is the one of choice, and some applications are listed below:
- Digestive system
It allows research and localization of ingested radiopaque foreign bodies, making it possible, in many cases, to detect a secondary obstructive process, identify gastric torsion and assess the degree of fecal retention, among others.
- Urinary and genital systems
It allows the search for radiopaque stones in the urinary tract and the carrying out of fetal counting from the 45th day of pregnancy, among others.
Their study by means of x-ray is limited, and the exams of choice to assess their bone portions and central nervous system (including the other soft tissues), are computed tomography and magnetic resonance, respectively; both of which, with very few exceptions, require the use of general anesthesia to perform it. Its radiographic evaluation also has applications such as: evaluation of dentition, temporomandibular joints (TMJs), nasal cavity, frontal sinuses, fractures and identification of bone neoplasms.
Its study by means of x-ray is also limited, and the exam of choice for its evaluation is magnetic resonance imaging. The radiographic evaluation of the spine also has applications such as the detection of fractures and dislocations, bone abnormalities and degenerative changes (such as the “parrot's beak”); also being used as a screening test for cases of possible heart disease.
Among the main applications of the radiographic examination in dogs and cats, we can quote:
- Bone fractures and dislocations;
- Diseases of the growth process or changes in the animal's posture;
- Bone tumors;
- Lung diseases, as well as lung neoplasms;
- Changes in the cardiac silhouette.
It is necessary to keep in mind that, for the digital x-ray in dogs and cats can facilitate the diagnosis and treatment of animals, it is necessary to have the capacity of a veterinary professional sufficiently prepared to interpret the imaging exams.
As a result, more and more courses and training processes for veterinary professionals in imaging exams are presented in today's market - offering the opportunity for better preparation by doctors and, consequently, increasing chances of success through accurate diagnoses and with the power to indicate the right paths for the treatment and cure of the most varied pathologies.
- Dog Health, Cat Health
- veterinary imaging, digital radiography, digital x-ray in dogs and cats, digital veterinary x-ray, digital X-ray
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