Regions close to rivers, lakes, dumps, forests, abandoned land without proper cleaning and constructions, animals are more exposed to accidents involving external agents, and the bite of poisonous animals in dogs and cats becomes a real danger.
Known for their ability to actively inject their own poison into the victim, these agents can cause consequences that can be fatal to canine or feline pets and, therefore, it is important that pet guardians know how to deal with incidents of that type. Check below the steps to follow in case of a sting of venomous animals in dogs and cats:
- Any actions that involve punctures or cuts in the skin to try to remove the poison are contraindicated.
- If possible, look at the environment carefully to see which venomous animal is involved in the accident - trying to keep as much information about its characteristics (to pass it on to a professional at the time of service)
- Take the animal, immediately, to the nearest veterinary hospital; where the procedures and administration of medications necessary to save the victim's life can be carried out
Between the venomous animals best known and most involved in cases of emergencies with dogs and cats, we can quote:
- Scorpions (black and yellow scorpions)
- Snakes (coral, jararaca, rattlesnake, surucucu)
- Bees (African, European, Africanized)
- Spiders (wandering spider, crab, brown spider, tarantula)
The severity and symptoms involved in these accidents will depend on the aggressor and the type of reaction in the victim's body. In snake poisonings, the resulting changes can be neurotoxic, hemorrhagic, necrotizing and / or hemolytic - and can affect both dogs and cats; happening more frequently in dogs that live in rural areas and are free to explore the territory.
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THEbody region most affected in cats is the abdominal; and in dogs, limbs (arms and legs) and facial region are the most affected. Local swelling and bleeding from the sting region (not always visualized) are the first signs of this type of accident; there is also the possibility of bleeding in the subcutaneous tissue, gums, nostrils, urine and vomiting, weakness, depression, respiratory distress, increased heart rate, pulmonary edema and decreased blood pressure of the affected animal.
Dogs and cats with venomous animals such as spiders usually suffer more from local pain, which can be quite intense - as in the case of the wand and tarantula.
Spiders like the crab, in addition to having a very painful bite, also increase the risks for the victim; since your body is covered with hair that causes hives - and, when released (in situations of great stress) and in contact with the mouth or nostrils of the dog or cat, they can cause respiratory distraction. The venom of the brown spider is another of great danger and has necrotizing properties, which can cause tissue loss in large areas.
Environmental accidents, as in cases involving inoculation of the scorpion venom, usually do not have fatal developments - however, the bitten animals suffer with intense pain and redness. Dogs with cardiac dysfunctions prior to the event (or that release hormones produced in situations of extreme stress) may have more severe and even fatal symptoms in this type of case.
In cases of dog or cat bite by venomous animal, the ideal is that the veterinary emergency service is sought as soon as possible and that the greatest wealth of information about the event is gained - enabling a faster and more accurate assistance to be provided by the responsible veterinarian, and that the results of the procedures can be positive.