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Cio de pets - How to take care of cats and bitches


Present in the lives of all cats and dogs that have not undergone a surgical castration, estrus is the sign that the females are ready to reproduce. Triggering atypical behavior in pets, the period requires special attention and care from the owners - who need to take a series of measures and precautions if they do not want the presence of a litter of puppies at home.

On average, occurring once every six months in dogs, canine heat causes a variety of different symptoms, including swelling of the bitch's vulva and bleeding typical of the phase. In the case of cats, the heat it is more frequent, and can even happen every month for a good part of the year; since, being influenced by the light, it usually occurs in warmer times and longer days, decreasing in frequency in other periods.

Cats and bitches show varying signs during this phase, and their reproduction process also differs in many ways, with felines not even ovulating without coitus; while bitches, when they ovulate, start to show yellowish secretions and exhale odors that can attract males that are miles away.

The gestation time of cats and bitches, however, is quite similar, and is around 65 days, but the number of litters that each animal can have during the period of one year is different. Although the recommendation for both is that, between one pregnancy and the next, there is a heat (at least) rest; the cats can give birth up to three times in a year - since their heat is more frequent - the best thing for bitches is that they go through pregnancy only once during that period.

Find out, in this article, the main information and care needed to care for cats and bitches in heat and, if you wish, start planning the arrival of new puppies at home.

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Bitches in heat

The first bitches' heat it occurs, most of the time, between 6 and 10 months of age; being that, in rarer cases, its arrival can happen until around the 15 months of life of the pet. In some dogs - especially the older ones - what is called "dry heat" or "silent heat" can occur, where the animal does not present any of the typical symptoms of the period, making it very difficult to identify the fertile period or even the heat. itself, it being only possible to identify estrus by means of a vaginal cytology performed by a veterinarian.

However, for most pets, the signs of this phase are quite clear, and start with swelling of the vulva and the appearance of vaginal discharge and bleeding. The duration of each heat varies between 15 and 20 days, and the considerable increase in the volume of urine can also be part of the package.

The period following the end of the bleeding in bitches it is the most conducive to the cross, since it is when it begins to ovulate and is most fertile. If it is not in your interest for the puppy to mate, this phase should be very attentive, as the pet will be giving off strong odors to attract males, and any stroll on the street can be a reason for a lot of harassment on the part of the dogs in the neighborhood.

In addition, it is precisely during this period that the bitches begin to give in to the onslaught of the approaching males and, therefore, care must be redoubled for owners who do not want more puppies. Soon after this phase the dog's heat comes to an end, and it is easy to notice, because the vulva completely deflates and the female starts to reject the males again.

Although it is possible, it is not recommended that female dogs, especially large ones due to their later maturity, mate before third heat; since, for the short time of life, their reproductive system is not fully developed, and this can cause problems in pregnancy and in the formation of the puppies. The female's sexual cycle is divided into four specific stages, with estrus being the starting point, as detailed below:

  • Proestro The dog has a swollen vulva and begins to have vaginal discharge; attracting males, but refusing copulation.
  • Estro It is the phase that follows the end of the heat bleeding, in which the dog still has a swollen vulva (and, possibly, some discharge) and accepts the males, being the ideal period for mating. It occurs, most of the time, from ten to fifteen days after the bleeding of the bitch that enters heat.
  • Metaestro It is the time when the dog's pregnancy and childbirth takes place. Many bitches that have mated and have not been fertilized can develop a psychological pregnancy in this period, showing all the main symptoms of pregnancy.
  • Anaestro Phase in which the sexual rest of the dogs occurs, until the arrival of the next heat.

Cats in heat

Unlike bitches, cats do not show any visible physical changes or discharge, and super loud meows and sudden changes in behavior are the main signs of a cat in heat. Being able to become quite tricky, the feline at this stage tends to rub a lot on the furniture of the house and on people, and it is not difficult for a group of cats to make rounds at the door of their house during this period.

With more desire to go for walks in the street, the cats tend to meow very loudly and with great frequency in this period to attract the males; producing a sound that resembles a baby's cry. However, depending on the estrus phase, the mating attacks of the males will be totally refused, and there is hardly a chance that the pussy will be fertilized.

Another common behavior in this phase is that the kittens spray urine on furniture and certain places in the house, so that its odor (quite strong) indicates to the cats that it is available for mating.

The first cats' heat it usually occurs until the age of ten months, with warm and mild climates favoring the occurrence, and spring and autumn are the most favorable seasons. Thereafter, heat is repeated every two months, and lasts for an average of 4 to 7 days; this period can be much longer in cats with ovarian cysts.

As described above, cats already emit signals of availability to cats at the very beginning of heat - although many are not yet fully receptive and refuse the onslaught of males. However, when ready for the cross, the felines also clearly signal this and, in the presence of the male, lie down with the rear raised and the tail thrown to the side, allowing him to mount.

Often, even at this stage, before the female allows the breeding, a ritual occurs that most resembles a fight, so it is very common for cats to be injured after mating.

Unlike dogs - which tend to get calmer after mating - cats tend to be extremely aggressive towards males at the end of intercourse and, since they already know this, most cats move away quickly from the female to avoid kicking, biting and scratching. This is because cats' penises are rough and hurt the female's vagina upon withdrawal.

Ovulation (which allows fertilization to occur) of felines begins only after breeding and, in many cases, many attempts may be necessary for a puppy to be spawned. However, considering that several coitus can happen during the same heat, it is not difficult that in a single litter are found kittens of different parents and breeds.

Important reminders about the heat of pets

It is worth remembering that a consultation with a veterinary professional is important for anyone who wants to mate your pet, and monitoring during pregnancy is also essential. Only a professional can indicate all the special care that this phase requires, in addition to ensuring that the puppy or kitten stays healthy and out of trouble; both at the time of heat and mating, as well as during pregnancy and childbirth.

The only really safe method to prevent your kitten or puppy from having puppies is spaying and, if you do not want puppies, this is the procedure to adopt - and can be performed on very young pets, even before the first heat.

Although the pet market already has hormone-based products for inhibit heat in dogs and cats, as contraceptives, this type of medication can cause a series of reactions and negative consequences in animals, including the development of tumors, infections, diabetes and other diseases that can lead your pet to death.

Tags:
Dog Life Stages, Dog Health, Cat Life Stages, Cat Health
Tags:
mating, dogs, dogs, bitches, dogs, heat, crosses, care, felines, felines, cats, cats, fertile period, health
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