Representing great life risks for cats, Panleucopenia Felina is an extremely contagious viral disease. Also known by the names Laryngotracheitis Contagiosum and Infectious Agranulocytosis, the disease has the direct contact of a healthy pussy with an infected animal as its main form of transmission, and places of great agglomeration of cats are among the most propitious for its spread.
Affecting the digestive, respiratory tract and even the bone marrow of cats, the Feline Panleukopenia have the family virus Parvoviridae as the main agent, and causes everything from diarrhea and vomiting to fever and depression in the affected pussies.
In addition to direct contact with sick animals, the disease can also be transmitted through the contact of a healthy feline with contaminated environments, objects and secretions; since the complication virus is considerably resistant, and can survive for a long time even outside the animal's body.
Very rare in regions where preventive vaccination is practiced on a regular basis, the disease is more common in young cats, aged up to 12 months. Showing its first signs within a week after the contamination, the Feline Panleukopenia can cause a number of varied symptoms, including the sudden death of the animal.
Find out below the main signs that a feline affected by the disease shows, and learn how to identify, prevent and treat the disease in your pet's cat.
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Symptoms of Feline Panleukopenia
You signs of the disease appear according to their level of development, and dehydration, vomiting and bloody diarrhea, depression, fever, lack of appetite and tenderness in the abdominal region are quite common symptoms in affected cats.
Contaminated pregnant felines may have malformed offspring, and when the disease manifests in newborn pussies, it often causes changes in the central nervous system, triggering factors such as lack of coordination and staggering.
Prevention of Panleukopenia
The best form of prevention is vaccination against Feline Panleukopenia, which can be administered to cats from the second month of life, and must be reinforced within a month with a new dose. Adult pussies should also receive the antigens, renewing the vaccine on an annual basis.
Diagnosis and treatment of the disease
In addition to the clinical examination, where the main symptoms of the animal will be observed, Panleucopenia Felina is diagnosed by means of blood tests; and other forms of investigation can be done to confirm the situation.
Diagnosed Panleukopenia, treatment will be indicated according to your level of development, and is usually quite laborious and expensive. Fluid replacement (to combat dehydration) combined with antibiotic medications is, in most cases, the recommendation, and affected animals should be isolated from others to prevent the disease from spreading.
It is worth remembering that no type of medication should be administered to your pet without the knowledge and indication of a professional; therefore, when you notice signs of the disease in your pussy, see a veterinarian.