Acute inflammation of the cat's pancreas

In pancreatitis - also called pancreatitis - a distinction is made between two types in cats: There is acute and chronic pancreatitis. Acute pancreatitis is usually much easier to treat than a chronic illness. There are acute and chronic pancreatitis - Image: Shutterstock / Torwaiphoto

Acute inflammation of the pancreas can have various causes: First, the duct through which the organ normally releases digestive juices into the gastrointestinal tract can be blocked. In this case, the digestive juices accumulate in the pancreas and cause inflammation. On the other hand, it can also happen that contents from the intestine penetrate into the pancreas via the said exit duct, which also ignites the tissue.

If acute pancreatitis is not treated, the disease can be fatal: In the worst case, the pancreas is broken down by the penetrating digestive juices and ultimately dies. The result is the death of the affected cat.

Symptoms are not always easy to spot

In contrast to the chronic form, which often goes unnoticed until it is too late, symptoms of acute pancreatitis usually appear immediately. The cat is often apathetic, vomits and has an abdominal pain. Since these complaints also occur in many other diseases, it is usually not immediately tapped for acute pancreatitis. If you experience any behavioral problems, see your veterinarian. Increased levels of inflammation in the blood and abnormalities in the faecal sample indicate acute pancreatitis.

Permanent damage after pancreatitis

Depending on how quickly acute pancreatitis is treated, the course of the disease is mild to severe. Mild forms of pancreatitis can be treated by taking no food or water from the cat for several days and taking medication. This almost always happens as an inpatient because the animal is given infusions every day. A special diet must be followed after the treatment so that the acute does not become chronic pancreatitis. If the organ is damaged to such an extent that it can no longer produce digestive enzymes, these can be artificially added to the cat food with certain preparations.

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